Iconography and Liturgy
The Icon in the Eastern Church is not a luxury. The icons illustrate the history of the salvation and the life of Jesus, Mary, and all Saints. This work of visual art is based on symbols of the theology illustrated with geometrical forms and meanings for each color, also it includes the history of the church. The icon is an integral aspect of the Liturgy as texts, gestures, and chants. Celebrating liturgy in the Eastern Church without icons is like watching a movie without moving images.
Iconostasis Icon Program
Iconostasis Programs are governed by a number of guidelines and traditions. The rules can vary by region and period and rites. Some Iconostasis has one tier and it can go up to seven tiers. Keep in mind there is some room for variation according to traditions and rites.
Usually, the first tier of the Iconostasis is called the Basic Iconostasis.
Picture: St. Nicholas Melkite Greek Catholic Church
The Royal Gate; the middle gate of the iconostasis usually holds the Annunciation Icon in the middle and the four Evangelists divide two on each door.
The Last Supper is usually located over the Royal Gate.
On the right side of the Royal Gates; the middle gate is an icon of Christ.
On the right side of the Pantocrator Icon is located the Deacon Door or the right side door. The Icon of a Deacon or an Angel can be located on this door.
On the right side of the right deacon door is the icon of St. John the Baptist.
On the left side of Royal Gates; the middle gate is an icon of the Theotokos; the Virgin Mary with a child.
On the Left side of Theotokos Icon is located the Deacon Door or the right side door. The Icon of a Deacon or an Angel can be located on this door.
On the right side of the right deacon door is the icon of the patron saint of the church as St. Nicholas, St Georges or Other Saint.
Note: For the Iconography uses in the Catholic Liturgy read “ICONOGRAPHY AND LITURGY” OFFICE OF PAPAL LITURGICAL CELEBRATIONS
© Chady Elias